Diabetes in cats mostly occurs in middle-aged and older felines. It occurs more commonly in male cats. Diabetes mellitus results in the inability to produce enough insulin to balance out blood sugar, and glucose levels. It left untreated it can lead to weight loss, vomiting, loss of appetite, dehydration, depressions, loss of motor function and even coma and death. The cat becomes lethargic, with a weakness of the hind legs. Urination outside the litter box might occur and be one of the first signs of the illness.
After diagnosis is determined through the analysis of urine and blood glucose levels, treatment begins. In a majority of cases a regimen of insulin injections begins. Sometimes pills may be given. It is also important to note that just like humans a high protein diet to decrease the amount of carbohydrates in the diet can also be recommended. Diabetic cats usually go on a prescription diet. For these cats it’s important to feed them at regular times throughout the day so glucose levels in the blood remain constant. It is also important that the cats get regular exercise. If insulin dose, dietary intake, and exercise fluctuate greatly, glucose balance in the cat may be altered. Even though there is no cure for diabetes prompt and appropriate treatment can ensure that cats with diabetes can live a normal and healthy life.
Diabetes in cats have become more common because of improper nutrition. Cats are actually carnivores, and if they could maintain that high protein diet, then diabetes would not occur. Much of the cat food we buy in stores, especially dry cat food contains a large amount of carbohydrates. I have literally seen my cats become addicted to this cheaper type of food. When I decided to give them a higher protein grain free diet, they were not to happy about it. I would mix the two foods together then gradually add more and more of the higher protein food until they were only eating the higher quality food. Within a short time, I notice that they would have a gradual weight loss and much shinier health fur. Putting your kitty on a higher protein diet will assure better health and is a great way in the prevention of diabetes in cats.
For more information there is a great website on feline diabetes at:
This website is very comprehensive and is there to help you with everything you need to know about diabetes in cats.