This disease affects mostly middle-aged and older felines. It occurs more commonly in male cats. The risk factors include obesity, diet, genetics and damage to the pancreas. Symptoms of diabetes include increased thirst, urination, weight loss, skin and hair changes, and liver and kidney diseases. The cat becomes lethargic, with a weakness of the hind legs. Urination outside the litter box might occur and be one of the first signs of the illness.
After diagnosis is determined through the analysis of urine and blood glucose levels, treatment begins. In a majority of cases a regimen of insulin injections begins. Sometimes pills may be given. It is also important to note that just like humans a high protein diet to decrease the amount of carbohydrates in the diet can also be recommended. Diabetic cats usually go on a prescription diet. For these cats it’s important to feed them at regular times throughout the day so glucose levels in the blood remain constant. It is also important that the cats get regular exercise. If insulin dose, dietary intake, and exercise fluctuate greatly, glucose balance in the cat may be altered. Even though there is no cure for diabetes prompt and appropriate treatment can ensure that cats with diabetes can live a normal and healthy life.
For more information there is a great website on feline diabetes at:
This website is very comprehensive and is there to help you with everything you need to know about diabetes in cats.