The Siamese cat breeds in today’s world have two basic body types known as Traditional (Applehead) Siamese, and the Extreme (Wedgehead) Siamese.
The Wedgehead Siamese is very slender and elegant. It has a very lean, muscular body that is supported by long, graceful legs, with an elongated neck and tail. The head is smooth and wedge shape with large ears. The eyes are almond shape and are set at a slant. The eyes of this type of Siamese cat are very captivating. The coat is short and sleek, and accentuates the points. This is the type of Siamese that is favored in the cat shows.
The Traditional Siamese, also known as an Applehead Siamese, has a much rounder body and head. Overall it is a heavier, huskier cat. These cats also have prominent points and astonishing blue eyes.
Devoted followers of these types of Siamese cats claim that the Applehead Siamese is similar to what the original Siamese looked like before breeders selectively breed for the more refined characteristics of the Wedgehead Siamese.
The Siamese cat breeds of both body types are beautiful and lovable cats. I see the Wedgehead Siamese cats as exquisite and elegant. I see the Applehead Siamese (Traditional Siamese) as adorable and beautiful. Basically it is what you prefer. Both types of Siamese cats have exotic coloring and energetic personalities.
All Siamese cat breeds have a creamy coat with colored points. These points are located on their snouts, ears, paws, and tails. These points are actually formed from a genetic mutation in coat color. This mutation inhibits the production of melanin (which produces color) in areas of normal body temperatures. Melanin will be active in cooler areas of the body resulting in coloration at the points. Therefore, the cooler areas of the Siamese cat (the points) will be darker. I find this extremely fascinating! And of course this creates one the most beautiful features of this cat. What is odd is that Siamese kittens are born white. The mother’s womb is entirely warm, producing no points until after birth.
The Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) recognizes four Siamese colors.
Seal Point Siamese
Chocolate Point Siamese
The Blue Point Siamese and Lilac Point Siamese
Considering ALL of the coat colors of the Siamese, many combinations can result in breeding Siamese cats. For example a Seal X Seal can produce all four colors (Seal, Chocolate, Lilac, and Blue). Breeding a Seal with any of these four combinations can result in any of the four primary colors. Here is a chart of the four primary coat colors.
The American Cat Fanciers Association (ACFA) accepts additional colors of Siamese. The CFA also recognizes these Siamese breeds but they are placed in a separate category called the Colorpoint Shorthairs.
There's more information on the whole range of Siamese colors and colorpoints here in this piece from Life with Siamese Cats.
There are about 20 types of Siamese cats, depending where you look and the source. There are others like the “Snowshoe Siamese” (with white paws) and I have seen pictures of the apricot point, which might be something between a red point and a cream point. All of these cats have that vibrant Siamese personality, and gorgeous blue eyes.
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